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Twelve Vows Of Layperson by Pravin K. Shah

Twelve Vows Of Layperson by Pravin K. Shah
  • #: 247829
  • Price: $3.99 In Apple Store
  • Category: Books
  • Updated: 2010-03-30
  • Current Version: 1.1
  • 1.1
  • Size: 0.90 MB
  • Language: English
  • Seller: Indianic, LLC
  • Requirements: Compatible with iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad. Requires iOS 2.2 or later
  • © IndiaNIC, LLC
  •  Add to Favorite apps

 

Description

Twelve Vows Of Layperson

by Pravin K. Shah

The five great vows (Maha-vratas) can be adopted by monks who are very keen about the uplift of their souls and ready to sacrifice all worldly enjoyments and family ties.

For those who want to remain in family life and for whom complete avoidance of five principle sins are difficult, Jain ethics specifies the following twelve vows to be carried out by the householder.

Of this twelve vows, the first five are main vows of limited nature (Anuvratas). They are somewhat easier in comparison with great vows (Maha-vratas). The great vows are for the monks.

The next three vows are known as merit vows (Guna-vratas), so called because they enhance and purify the effect of the five main vows and raise their value manifold. It also governs the external conduct of an individual.

The last four are called disciplinary vows (Shikhsa-vratas). They are intended to encourage the person in the performance of their religious duties. They reflect the purity of one's heart. They govern one's internal life and are expressed in a life that is marked by charity. They are preparatory to the discipline of an ascetic's life.

Three merit vows (Gunavrats) and four disciplinary vows (Shikhsa-vratas) together are known as Seven vows of virtuous conduct (Shilas).

A person may adopt these vows, according to his individual capacity and circumstances with the intent to adopt ultimately as a great vows.

The layperson should be very careful while observing and following these limited vows. These vows being limited or restricted vows may still leave great scope for the commitment of sins and possession of property.

The twelve vows are described as follows:

Five Main Vows of Limited Nature (Anuvratas):

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1. Non-violence Anuvrat - Ahimsa Anuvrat (Sthula Pranatipat Viraman)

2. Truthfulness Anuvrat - Satya Anuvrat (Sthula Mrisavada Viraman)

3. Non-stealing Anuvrat - Achaurya Anuvrat (Sthula Adattadana Viraman)

4. Chastity Anuvrat- Bhramacharya Anuvrat (Sthula Maithuna Viraman)

5. Non-attachment Anuvrat- Aparigraha Anuvrat (Sthula Parigraha Viraman)

Three Merit Vows (Guna-vrats):

6. Dik Vrata- Limited area of activity vow

7. Bhoga-Upbhoga Vrata - Limited use of consumable and non-consumable items vow

8. Anartha-danda Vrata - Avoidance of purposeless sins vow

Four Disciplinary Vows (Siksha-vratas):

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9. Samayik Vrata- Meditation vow of limited duration

10. Desavakasika Vrata - Activity vow of limiting space

11. Pausadha Vrata- Ascetic's life Vow of limited duration

12. Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata - Limited charity vow

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The information may be outdated (2011-05-03 04:45:18). For actual information go to iTunes

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